Today in my blog I will be talking about social-constructivism. This is a teaching and learning model that was born out of a backlash to the objective or transmission style of learning. For those who are not familiar with teaching terms, that sentence may need to be unpacked a little! The first thing that needs to be understood is that transmission is the educational belief that children learn by being told information and then memorising it- the teachers transmit knowledge to them. When teachers figured out this didn’t work so well they came up with another way of teaching that is now known as constructivism. That is to say children construct their own knowledge based on their environment and past experiences. Social constructivism is a branch of this posed by a man named Vygotsky. He believed that children learn best through social interaction with adults and peers and that language plays an important role in the learning process.
You may be asking yourself what this has to do with ICT in the classroom. Well, this shift in education brought about a whole new way of interacting with technology and how we think about it. Gone is the belief that only an expert in their field can teach, now today’s learners are personally responsible for their learning and initiate their own learning process. This is “best shown in the increase of online classes that require the learner to construe their own meanings without the instructor acting in the capacity of a “teacher”” (Enonbun, 2010). This means that more and more students are able to go online and through their explorations they are able to construct their own knowledge. This is further enhanced if technology is used in a social setting where students work in groups.
Social-Constructivism Oluwafisayo, E. (2010) “Constructivism and Web 2.0 in the Emerging Learning Era: A Global Perspective,” Journal of Strategic Innovation and Sustainability, 6(4), 16- 25.
Picture Accessed 11th of April from: http://www.michelemademe.com/2012/07/tower-crane-building-with-boy.html